top of page
  • Writer's pictureWAJ

Exploring Jersey's Role in the Underground Railroad: Sites and Stories



New Jersey played a pivotal role in the history of the Underground Railroad, a network that assisted enslaved individuals in their quest for freedom. Let's delve into the significant sites and compelling stories that highlight New Jersey's involvement in this critical chapter of American history.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction

New Jersey's contribution to the Underground Railroad remains a vital part of its historical narrative. From secretive hideaways to acts of bravery, exploring this crucial aspect of the state's past sheds light on its role in the fight against slavery.

2. The Underground Railroad in New Jersey

New Jersey served as a key corridor for enslaved individuals seeking freedom in the northern states and Canada. According to historical records from the New Jersey Historical Society, it's estimated that over 1,000 escape routes passed through the state, with networks established in cities like Newark, Jersey City, and Burlington.

3. Notable Sites of the Underground Railroad

a. Timbuctoo in Westampton Township

Timbuctoo was a thriving African American community and a crucial stop on the Underground Railroad. The area's historic cemetery is a poignant reminder of the struggles and triumphs of those seeking freedom.

b. Peter Mott House in Lawnside

The Peter Mott House, a National Historic Landmark, served as a safe haven for escaped slaves. It stands as one of the last remaining stations in New Jersey.

c. Cohansey River Area in Cumberland County

The Cohansey River area concealed various hiding spots and routes used by freedom seekers. The Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church in Greenwich Township played a pivotal role in aiding those seeking freedom.

4. Stories of Courage and Freedom

The stories of bravery and resilience exhibited by both conductors and freedom seekers are numerous. Reports from the Library of Congress detail the journey of Harriet Tubman, who made several daring trips to New Jersey, guiding enslaved individuals to freedom.

5. Impact and Legacy

The Underground Railroad's legacy in New Jersey is deeply ingrained in the state's history. The New Jersey Historical Commission reports that the efforts made by abolitionists and conductors in aiding freedom seekers left an indelible mark on the state's fight against slavery.

6. Conclusion

Exploring Jersey's involvement in the Underground Railroad is crucial in understanding its historical significance. The courage, sacrifices, and resilience exhibited during this period shaped the state's history. We invite you to share your thoughts and stories about New Jersey's role in the Underground Railroad in the comments section below.

bottom of page